A.I. Services



Our Products / Services:

  • Quality Semen from CAIS and/or Imported.
  • Embryo Transfer (ET) Bulls.
  • Liquid Nitrogen
  • All Artificial Insemination equipments
  • Multi Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET) services
  • Artificial Insemination & Business skills certificate course
  • Crop and Livestock production refresher coursesShort courses in Animal Nutrition, Feeds & Feeding Management.
  • Land Utilization, Crop Protection etc

For more information and application write to;
The administrator,
Artificial Insemination Centre,
P.O. Box 917 – 30200,Kitale.
Phone: 020 355 5725
Fax: 054 31 574
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Head of Technical Division,
Agricultural Development Corporation
P.O. Box 47101 - 00100,Nairobi
Phone: 020 2250 695/185
Fax: 020 224 3571
Mobile: 0724 930 920 / 0735 930 920
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. / This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.adc.co.ke


Citrus Fruits

Citrus is an important fruit crop in Kenya and ranks fourth after bananas, pineapples and mangoes.[MOA,2007].About 10000 hectares are planted with sweet orange,Lemons,Tangerines and Grapefruits that produce a total of 87000 metric tons valued at Ksh 1.7 billion[MOA,2008].

The highest production is in the Coast ,Eastern, and Rift valley provinces. However, production does not met the local demand [MOA, 2003] necessitating importation of large qualities of citrus fruits and products. There is therefore scope for improving the production and quality of local Citrus.

Agricultural Development Corporation grows citrus mainly in Transnzoia district at ADC Suam Orchards. The Unit consists of some 725.6 Hectares (1,793 acres).Approximately 67.8 hectares of this has citrus fruits under an efficient gravity irrigation. Citrus includes different varieties of oranges, lemons and lime.

The varieties include; Temple oranges, Kara mandarine, Satsuma tangerine, Bear lemon, Lisbon lemon, rough lemon ,Mediterranean oranges, Valencia late oranges  Washington navel

ADC Suam Orchards has embarked on citrus fruit quality improvement to match improve on the final quality and beat the competition from imported ones through pre-harvest treatment.

ADC Suam orchard is a major source of citrus fruit seedlings to the Kenyan farmer.ADC sells over 2, 500 tones of high quality citrus annually.

Feeding Tips

Feeding Tips

  • Always store feeds on pallets in dry well ventilated feed store.
  • Ensure proper rodent control in the feed stores to avoid contamination of the feeds.
  • Avoid mixing compounded feeds from different manufacturers  as  this  leads  to  dilution  of the nutrients.
  • Avoid  adding  more  proteins  (eg  omena)  or mineral salts (eg DCP) to compounded feeds as this  distorts  the  nutrient  balance  in  the  feeds leading to poor performance.
  • Addition of extra proteins to the compounded feed can lead to tainting of the final product eg a fishy taint in eggs / chicken meat due to excessive fish meal.   



ADC Livestock Genetics Centre

Location and Size:

The Centre is  owned by Agricultural Development Corporation and is located  17 Kms from Kitale Town along Endebbes-Kitale road. It is on 100 acre land carved out of ADC Sabwani Farm overlooking Mt Elgon.

The Centre is enclosed by a double chain-link perimeter fence ,and a biosafety main gate with restricted entry for vehicles and visitors.

Three quarters of the Centre is under fodder for the bulls and an irrigation system is being set up to use roof catchment water to irrigate the fodder.


Background :

The Centre was constructed and equipped from May 2014 -July 2017 through a National Government Grant to ADC. From October 2017 to March 2018 the Centre recruited technical staff and trained them in biosafety measures and operation of Laboratory  equipment.The Centre was licensed by the Director of Veterinary Services as a semen production and distribution facility on 30th May 2018 and started semen production on 8th June and semen distribution on 9th July 2018.

The Centre started with 2 bulls(1 Friesian and 1 Ayrshire) in production and the number has grown over the year to 10 Friesian,2 Ayrshires,4 Jerseys and 4 Boran bulls in production at an average of 8,500 doses of semen per week.in addition there are 4 young Friesian , 2 Ayrshire and 2 Boran  bulls that will go into production from July this year.We are also planning to import 19 high genetic merit dairy  bulls by end of July.


Objective of Centre

ADC is mandated by  the Act of Parliament Cap 444 to produce and disseminate agricultural inputs which includes crop and livestock seeds.

ADC Livestock Genetics Centre aims at producing quality livestock genetics(with particular emphasis on cattle) to complement local supplies and provide diversity all geared towards increased uptake of AI Services and improved dairy and beef productivity.

To realize  these objectives the Centre is  working  closely with breeding institutions,Product distributors , County Governments and Farmers in bull recruitment,marketing and sales , advisory and extension services.

Centre units

The Centre has a Pre-quarantine where newly recruited bulls are held observed and sampled for breeding and other diseases.The bulls in production are kept in the main quarantine compound where they also undergo training to mount.

Our laboratory is equipped with state of the art modern equipment for semen collection, evaluation straw printing ,filling and sealing equipment with capacity to hygienically process 5,000 semen straws per hour.

The Centre also has a fully equipped Conference and Catering facility to cater for 50 participants and has been host to an African Bovine Reproductive Workshop last October 3 National workshops and many local seminars.


Product range and availability

Our bulls are recruited from reputable, recording and registering  Breeders with the needs of our small holder and large scale farmers in mind .Emphasis has been laid in recruiting bulls that will impact good production,type,functional , health and longevity traits on their pro-genies.

The Centre currently has over 250,000 doses of Friesian,Ayrshire ,Jersey and Boran in stock and is in the process of appointing Agents to distribute these stock and more to come at affordable cost to Arm Length Service Providers and Farmers.We shall be seeking feedback on the effectiveness and fertility  of our bull semen through  direct contact with Agents ,Arm length service providers ,County Veterinary and Animal Production Staff as well as visiting Farmers using our genetics to discuss accessibility and performance.

We also have a modern liquid nitrogen plant which is  producing liquid nitrogen for use in our laboratory and surplus for sale Agents at affordable cost.

In line with our Marketing and Extension Strategy  we shall be visiting the various Counties using our products  to train Arm Length Service Providers and Farmers on efficient , effective service delivery and good husbandry practices.

We also intend to start stocking quality A.I equipment(liquid nitrogen containers,AI Guns,Socks,Forces, Goblets)and livestock extension materials in the next 3 months.


For Further information please:       ADC Livestock Genetics Centre


                                                                This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

                                                     Tel. Number :0202500036


Contact Persons:                         Dr Muchemi Kariuki-Manager

                                                    Dr J.Kathoka Musee-Senior Technical Officer


                                ADC Livestock Genetics Centre -Excellence in Breeding



Dairy Products


Friesian cattle are identified by their black and white short haired coat and short horns. They are large in size with an average body weight of 500 – 550kg. They are natives of Europe but through importation of semen and local breeding, they are now kept in several countries in Africa.

They are kept for milk production and have the potential to produce 40-50kg of milk per day. The milk however has low butter fat content of 3.2%. High milk production is dependent on good feeding and Friesians are heavy eaters requiring about 110kg of fresh feed and 60litres of water per day.

They do well in cooler regions and are vulnerable to high temperatures. In Africa, they survive well in the cooler highlands. They can easily become sick and are susceptible to milk fever which can kill in a day.

Friesian cattle need a lot of care and they are best suited for zero grazing.
Find these breeds the home of the Friesians at ADC Namandala and ADC Lanet.


Ayrshire cattle are dark brown with white patches. They are large in size and weigh about 450kg.
They are high milk producers with an average of 30 liters per day.  Ayrshire milk has a butter content of 4.0%.

Ayrshire cattle are sturdy and can survive in various climatic conditions. However, they are big feeders requiring 90-110kg of fresh feed and 60 litres of clean water per day. Therefore, they can only be reared in areas where there is adequate feed and water.

Unlike Friesian cattle, Ayrshire can be let free on range to graze.
ADC home of the Ayrshires is ADC Katuke, ADC Kiswani, ADC Lanet and ADC Olngatogo.


Guernsey cattle are brown in color. They are medium in size with an average body weight of 400kg.
They produce an average of 25 litres of milk per day with a butter content of 4.3%. They require 65-85kg of fresh feed per day. They require a lot of water up to 40 litres of clean water per day.

Find the excellent breed at ADC Olngatogo and ADC Lanet. ADC has over the years emerged the winner of the supreme Guernsey breed in all National and International shows in Kenya


The Jersey breed originated on the Island of Jersey, a small British island in the English Channel off the coast of France. The Jersey is one of the oldest dairy breeds, having been reported by authorities as being purebred for nearly six centuries.
Adaptable to a wide range of climatic and geographical conditions

The Jersey cattle are brown- grayish with the gray darkening more on the neck and head. Their eyes have a protruding look. They are small - medium in size with an average body weight of 350kg.
They are kept for milk. Their milk production is moderate with an average of 20 litres per day. The milk has very high butter content of about 5.2%.

They do not require a lot of feed with a daily requirement of about 65-85kg of fresh feed. Jersey cattle are tough and can survive in various climatic regions. However they are vulnerable to milk fever and tick borne diseases.

They are recommended for cross-breeding to improve local breeds like Zebu and Boran. These are best suited in drier areas as they are hardy and are not heavy feeders.Find these at ADC Suam and ADC Sabwani.

 Brown Swiss

Originating in the Swiss Alps, Brown Swiss adapt well to high altitudes and hot or cold climates, while producing large volumes of milk 25-30 litres a day , her milk is has his butter fat content thus  ideal for cheese-making.

Their unique ability to yield high components with an ideal fat-to-protein ratio sets them apart from other dairy breeds. 
Correct feet and legs, well-attached udders and dairy strength contribute to their exceptional productive life, allowing them to thrive in any modern dairy set-up. Style, balance and fancy frames also make Brown Swiss easy winners at national and international shows.

Find these excellent breeds at ADC Suam, ADC Lanet and ADC Kiswani.


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